netatalk.io

Installing Netatalk 3 on Ubuntu


Netatalk Package

Note: This guide was written for Ubuntu, but is likely to apply for Debian and other Debian-derived distros.

netatalk is distributed as a package in Ubuntu.

Ubuntu is currently syncing the Unstable netatalk package with their production repository, so the package can be installed with apt on Ubuntu.

Netatalk was dropped from Debian Bookworm, so if you use that OS you either have to pin the netatalk package with the Unstable repo, or build from scratch as described here.

This page describes how to install it from scratch if you want to use a different version than the one that is distributed.

Required Packages

Install the following packages by sudo apt install.

If tracker’s version is unknown, you can know using command apt search libtracker.

Build

Get the tarball from Netatalk Web Site.

Extract the tarball

$ tar xvf netatalk-3.1.18.tar.xz $ cd
netatalk-3.1.18

You should read the help message, in order to know configure options.

If the applicable libraries are installed, many options will be detected automati lly.

$ ./configure --help

Do configure! The following options are not auto-detected.

$ ./configure \
       --with-init-style=debian-systemd \
       --without-talloc \
       --without-tdb \
       --with-cracklib \
       --enable-krbV-uam \
       --with-pam-confdir=/etc/pam.d \
       --with-dbus-daemon=/usr/bin/dbus-daemon \
       --with-dbus-sysconf-dir=/etc/dbus-1/system.d \
       --with-tracker-pkgconfig-version=3.0

If you use Ubuntu 14.10 or earlier, the value of --with-init-style option is debian-sysv, not debian-systemd.

The version 3.0 --with-tracker-pkgconfig-version=3.0 must match the pkg-config version of the installed Tracker libraries. Use the following commands for finding the version info:

$ pkg-config --list-all | grep tracker
...

On successful completion, you will see a report similar to the following:

Compilation summary:

   CPPFLAGS       = -I$(top_srcdir)/include -I$(top_builddir)/include -I$(top_srcdir)
   CFLAGS         = -D_U_="__attribute__((unused))" -g -O2
   LIBS           =  -lcrack
   PTHREADS:
       LIBS   =
       CFLAGS = -pthread
   TRACKER:
       LIBS   = -ltracker-sparql-2.0 -lgio-2.0 -lgobject-2.0 -Wl,--export-dynamic -lgmodule-2.0 -pthread -lglib-2.0
       CFLAGS = -pthread -I/usr/include/tracker-2.0 -I/usr/include/tracker-2.0/libtracker-sparql -I/usr/include/glib-2.0 -I/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/glib-2.0/include
   SSL:
       LIBS   =  -L/usr/lib64 -lcrypto
       CFLAGS =  -I/usr/include/openssl
   LIBGCRYPT:
       LIBS   = -lgcrypt
       CFLAGS =
   PAM:
       LIBS   =  -lpam
       CFLAGS =
   WRAP:
       LIBS   = -lwrap
       CFLAGS =
   BDB:
       LIBS   =  -L/usr/lib64 -ldb-5.3
       CFLAGS =
   GSSAPI:
       LIBS   = -L/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/mit-krb5 -Wl,-Bsymbolic-functions -Wl,-z,relro -lgssapi_krb5 -lkrb5 -lk5crypto -lcom_err
       CFLAGS = -isystem /usr/include/mit-krb5
   ZEROCONF:
       LIBS   =  -lavahi-common -lavahi-client
       CFLAGS =  -D_REENTRANT
   LDAP:
       LIBS   =  -lldap
       CFLAGS =
   LIBEVENT:
       LIBS   =
       CFLAGS =
   TDB:
       LIBS   = -ltdb
       CFLAGS =
   MySQL:
       LIBS   = -L/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu -lmysqlclient -lpthread -lz -lm -lrt -latomic -ldl
       CFLAGS = -I/usr/include/mysql

Configure summary:

   INIT STYLE:
        debian-systemd
   AFP:
        Extended Attributes: ad | sys
        ACL support: yes
        Spotlight: yes
   CNID:
        backends:  dbd last tdb mysql
   UAMS:
        DHX     (PAM SHADOW)
        DHX2    (PAM SHADOW)
        RANDNUM (afppasswd)
        Kerberos V
        clrtxt  (PAM SHADOW)
        guest
   Options:
        Zeroconf support:        yes
        tcp wrapper support:     yes
        quota support:           yes
        valid shell check:       yes
        cracklib support:        yes
        ACL support:             auto
        Kerberos support:        yes
        LDAP support:            yes
        AFP stats via dbus:      yes
        dtrace probes:           yes
   Paths:
        Netatalk lockfile:       /var/lock/netatalk
        init directory:          /lib/systemd/system
        dbus system directory:   /etc/dbus-1/system.d
        dbus daemon path:        /usr/bin/dbus-daemon
        tracker prefix:          /usr
        tracker ins
ll prefix:  /usr
        tracker manager:         /usr/bin/tracker daemon
        pam config directory:    /etc/pam.d
   Documentation:
        Docbook:                 no

Docbook is not needed unless you want to create fresh manual pages.

Make and install.

$ make
$ sudo make install

Check

Check features and paths, using netatalk -V and afpd -V.

$ /usr/local/sbin/netatalk -V netatalk 3.1.12 - Netatalk AFP server
service controller daemon

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your
option) any later version. Please see the file COPYING for further
information and details.

netatalk has been compiled with support for these features:

     Zeroconf support: Avahi
    Spotlight support: Yes

                 afpd: /usr/local/sbin/afpd
           cnid_metad: /usr/local/sbin/cnid_metad
      tracker manager: /usr/bin/tracker daemon
          dbus-daemon: /usr/bin/dbus-daemon
             afp.conf: /usr/local/etc/afp.conf
    dbus-session.conf: /usr/local/etc/dbus-session.conf
   netatalk lock file: /var/lock/netatalk
$ /usr/local/sbin/afpd -V
afpd 3.1.12 - Apple Filing Protocol (AFP) daemon of Netatalk

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your
option) any later version. Please see the file COPYING for further
information and details.

afpd has been compiled with support for these features:

         AFP versions: 2.2 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4
        CNID backends: dbd last tdb mysql
     Zeroconf support: Avahi
 TCP wrappers support: Yes
        Quota support: Yes
  Admin group support: Yes
   Valid shell checks: Yes
     cracklib support: Yes
           EA support: ad | sys
          ACL support: Yes
         LDAP support: Yes
        D-Bus support: Yes
    Spotlight support: Yes
        DTrace probes: Yes

             afp.conf: /usr/local/etc/afp.conf
          extmap.conf: /usr/local/etc/extmap.conf
      state directory: /usr/local/var/netatalk/
   afp_signature.conf: /usr/local/var/netatalk/afp_signature.conf
     afp_voluuid.conf: /usr/local/var/netatalk/afp_voluuid.conf
      UAM search path: /usr/local/lib/netatalk//
 Server messages path: /usr/local/var/netatalk/msg/

Setting Up

Edit /usr/local/etc/afp.conf.

Ex:

[Global]

[Homes]

   basedir regex = /home

[Test Volume]

   path = /export/test1

[My Time Machine Volume]

   path = /export/timemachine
   time machine = yes

It’s recommended to enable extended attributes of filesystem. You can check it by getfattr and setfattr commands.

If you use ACL, you shoud check it by getfacl and setfacl commands.

If these are disabled, use tune2fs command or edit /etc/fstab file.

Ex:

/dev/sdc2    /mountpoint    ext4    defaults,user_xattr,acl    0 2

You should check firewall. AFP’s port number is 548. Zeroconf’s port number is 5353.

Enabling and Starting

The systemd unit file is /lib/systemd/system/netatalk.service. You must run Avahi ahead of Netatalk.

$ sudo systemctl enable avahi-daemon
$ sudo systemctl enable netatalk
$ sudo systemctl start avahi-daemon
$ sudo systemctl start netatalk

Spotlight Feature

If you use Spotlight feature, read Spotlight section in Netatalk Manual.

Set spotlight = yes.

Set spotlight = no for Time Machine’s volume. The mining for sparsebundle is wasteful.

Ex:

[Global]

   spotlight = yes

[Homes]

   basedir regex = /home

[Test Volume]

   path = /export/test1

[My Time Machine Volume]

   path = /export/timemachine
   time machine = yes
   spotlight = no

A problem has been reported.

Interoperation with Samba

Recent Netatalk and Samba can store metadata in the compatible format.

Using this way, the following access becomes possible.

Netatalk

Using vol preset option, the same configuration is set for all volumes.

Using ea = samba, Extended Attributes become compatible with Samba.

Edi /usr/local/etc/afp.conf.

Ex:

[Global]

   vol preset = my default values

[my default values]

   ea = samba

[Homes]

   basedir regex = /home

[Test Volume]

   path = /export/test1

[My Time Machine Volume]

   path = /export/timemachine
   time machine = yes

Samba

Setting various options in [global], the same configuration is set for all shares.

Three vfs objects (catia, fruit and streams_xattr) provide enhanced compatibility with Apple SMB clients and interoperability with a Netatalk.

Using hide files, the invisible files created via Netatalk are hidden from Windows. Use hide files, not veto files.

Don’t set the time machine at both of Netatalk and Samba, otherwise advertisement by Avahi will duplicate.

Edit /etc/samba/smb.conf.

Ex:

[global]
    foo = bar
    baz = qux

    ea support = Yes
    vfs objects = catia fruit streams_xattr
    fruit:locking = netatalk
    fruit:encoding = native
    streams_xattr:prefix = user.
    streams_xattr:store_stream_type = no
    mdns name = mdns

    hide files = /.DS_Store/Network Trash Folder/TheFindByContentFolder/TheVolumeSettingsFolder/Temporary Items/.TemporaryItems/.VolumeIcon.icns/Icon?/.FBCIndex/.FBCLockFolder/

    read only = No

[homes]

[Test Volume]
    path = /export/test1

[My Time Machine Volume]
    path = /export/timemachine
    time machine = yes


This is a mirror of the Netatalk GitHub Wiki. Please visit the original page if you want to correct an error or contribute new contents.

Last updated 2024-04-13